Male Enhancement Group - Blog
Almost half of the patients reported early childhood histories in which child abuse, including violence and neglect, was common and losses, separations, and abandonments the norm. Four patients reported being physically abused by both parents, while at least twelve women (23 per cent) reported incestuous experiences, including two who gave birth to their own fathers' babies.
Over an eight year period fifty three female transsexuals were evaluated for sex change surgery. This group comprised forty eight whites and five blacks (9 per cent of the total). The data reported below came from numerous sources, including clinical interview material, psychological testing, and the patient's written material.
The gender clinic consisted of approximately fen interdisciplinary clinicians, including psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, a social worker, a nurse sociologist, and trainees from various disciplines, who met weekly for 1t hours to present new cases and evaluate and treat, in long term individual and group therapy (using various theoretical and treatment strategies), patients who were self labeled transsexuals.
Clinical psychiatric diagnosis must be viewed as an ongoing process involving the interplay of many factors over a long period of time. While no one factor should have ultimate ascendancy, neither should one omit data crucial to the diagnostic process (such as the results of psychological testing).
The diagnosis of transsexual ism has also been influenced by behavior therapists, who have played a pivotal role in most gender identity clinics. While behaviorists have successfully treated some transsexual patients, they have also promised more than they could deliver, at the same time avoiding some of the moral issues around treatment itself by ignoring the wider issues about society's role in transsexualism.
The prevalence and incidence of childhood gender identity disturbances are unknown. Some practitioners, however, have estimated an incidence of one case in every 100,000 children or similar to that reported for adult gender identity disorders.
The DSM III diagnostic criteria for childhood gender identity disturbances separated the male and female components. The criteria for female childhood gender identity disturbances were reported to be as follows:
In point of fact, it was not until 1979, when the results of a longitudinal study on gender identity disorders was published, that an intelligent answer to the question could be provided. In effect, the results of that study disproved proposition 2 as it related to boyhood antecedents of male transsexualism. Unfortunately, there were no studies which dealt with girlhood antecedents of female transsexualism.
Several extrinsic factors may also influence the diagnostic process. The initial reports of psychotherapy failures (without the parameters of "success" ever being operationalized) may have reinforced the idea among some clinicians that any form of psychotherapeutic approach to the transsexual was at best naive.